By Adam O’Neal, California Political Review
Confusion, as usual, reigns in the U.S. Capitol. Now that Sen. Ted Cruz has finished his epic speech (or filibuster, depending whom you ask), the question of whether or not House Speaker John Boehner, R-Ohio, will be able to convince the House Republican Conference to vote for a clean continuing resolution has taken center stage. (A “clean CR” — continuing resolution — would fund the government for several more months without any strings, like defunding Obamacare, attached.)
Absent the passage of some type of CR, clean or otherwise, the federal government will shut down. A shutdown — particularly one that would only last a few days — seems more likely each day, as leaders in both chambers seem unlikely to reach an agreement by the Sept. 30 deadline.
And according to a new poll from the Global Strategy Group, a Democratic public affairs firm, 74 percent of Americans believe that a government shutdown would worsen their personal financial situation. Of course, that data is purely based on what the public perceives about a shutdown — not what would actually happen.
But what exactly would happen if the Senate and House reach an insurmountable impasse and the federal government closes?
A shutdown would no doubt have effects throughout America — from DC all the way to California. But, truth be told, no one knows exactly how a government shutdown would play out.
First, consider who and what won’t be affected. The Office of Management and Budget recently issued an order for all federal agencies to determine which employees are essential. Essential employees will continue to work through a shutdown, though they won’t be paid until after the shutdown ends. Nonessential employees are furloughed for the entirety of the shutdown. Typically, about half of federal employees are deemed nonessential.As of 2011, there were over 2.5 million federal employees.
The Washington Post wrote a partial summary of which types of employees will stay on the job:
Any employee or office that “provides for the national security, including the conduct of foreign relations essential to the national security or the safety of life and property.” That means the U.S. military will keep operating, for one.
Any employee who conducts “essential activities to the extent that they protect life and property.” So, for example: Air traffic control stays open. So do all emergency medical care, food-safety inspections, border patrol, federal prisons, law enforcement, emergency and disaster assistance, overseeing the banking system, operating the power grid, and guarding federal property.
Agencies have to keep sending out benefits and operating programs that are written into permanent law or get multi-year funding. That means sending out Social Security checks and providing certain types of veterans’ benefits.
All agencies with independent sources of funding remain open, including the U.S. Postal Service and the Federal Reserve.
Members of Congress can also stick around, since their pay is written into permanent law. However, many congressional staffers may not get paid without specific appropriations. Many White House employees may also have to go without pay.
So which agencies shut down?
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